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Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale (RUDAS)

Time required: 10 minutes

Equipment needed: None

Criteria: A score of 23 or over indicates possible cognitive impairment

The Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale (RUDAS) is a short cognitive screening tool, valid across different cultures,  that assesses the following items:

  • Memory
  • Visuospatial orientation
  • Praxis
  • Visuoconstructional drawing
  • Judgement
  • Memory recall
  • Language

RUDAS guidelines have also been developed to support the use of the assessment tool.

Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)

Time required: 5-10 minutes

Equipment needed: None

Criteria: A score of 23 or less indicates mild cognitive impairment and a score of 18 or less indicates severe cognitive impairment

The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) is a commonly used tool to assess for cognitive impairment in older adults. The MMSE is a measure consisting of 11 questions that assess the following five areas:

  • Orientation
  • Registration
  • Attention and calculation
  • Recall
  • Language

MMSE guidelines have also been developed to support the use of the assessment tool.

Other cognition screening tools

  • Mini Cog (clock drawing test)
  • Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)

Find Out More

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